The Panéole bluing ( Panaeolus cyanescens , synonym: Copelandia cyanescens ) is a species of mushrooms basidiomycetes of the family of Panaeoleae in other Agaricales .
Its French name Blue Panéole comes from the fact that it turns blue when crumpled. It is renowned around the world for its psychedelic effects and known in psychonaut circles under the fanciful name of Hawaiian Panaeolus, or even Hawaiian Champi.
This mushroom grows naturally on the island of Hawaii , hence its name, but it is assumed that there has only been introduced in the xix th century along with livestock in Asia, since grows only on ruminant droppings. It bears the name of Panaeolus Hawaii above all for a question of exoticism since it is found all over the globe, in various regions of America , in the Philippines , Indonesia , Madagascar , Cambodia, Thailand and also in France .
Following a collective intoxication of all the members of a family in the Alpes-Maritimes, Roger Heim went to collect the mushrooms on the spot, he found specimens on manure from the Cagnes-sur-Mer racecourse. which is frequented by horses originating from South America. These mushrooms have undergone chromatography carried out by Albert Hofmann to demonstrate psilocybin.
Grows on feces, in smoky meadows. Love the heat. Rare.
In Europe, it has been recorded in the following countries: Germany, Denmark, Great Britain, Hungary, Spain and Ukraine. A case of collection in France is to be noted
This species contains psilocybin. The rate is generally quite high (about 1% of the dry fungus) but varies according to the origin of the specimens collected.