The complex mushroom world provides not only edible, tasty and healthy fruit bodies. In this vast kingdom, there are varieties that contain substances that intensely affect the human psyche. Psilocybe cubensis is one of the best-studied mushrooms with this effect.
The hallucinogenic mushroom psilocybe cubensis (Psilocybe cubensis) belongs to the family of Strophariaceae. Other names are cuban psilocybe, san isidro.
It has the following specific features:
Psilocybe Cuban is a representative of the Psilocybe genus of the Stropharia family. It is hallucinogenic due to the content of psilocin and psilocybin.
It can grow up to 8 cm across. At first, it has a sharp-conical shape, then the edges open and form a “bell”.
Cultivated mushrooms have an almost flat surface with raised edges. The color of the cap is yellowish, in overripe specimens it is brownish. The surface is smooth and dry.
Thicker and longer than that of a number of hallucinogenic mushrooms – it reaches 15 cm in height and 1 cm in diameter. It thickens downwards. The surface is smooth and dry. In the upper third of the leg, there are remnants of a private veil in the form of a white annular outgrowth that darkens with the growth of the fungus.
The hymenophore is lamellar. Plates are often located, dark gray or gray with a purple tint. The edges of the plates are whitish.
Dense, white, with mechanical damage it acquires a bluish tint.
Spores are reddish-brown, large, rounded, with thick walls. The spore powder is also reddish-brown.
The natural habitat of psilocybe cubensis is Central and South America. In other countries, including Russia, it is grown under artificial conditions (often at home) from spore powder in a manure substrate.